Chapter 7 – Trade, Logistics and Freight Distribution

Globalization, trade, and freight distribution are interrelated and concern a mobility scale that spans regions, nations, and often continents. This transnational mobility is subject to geopolitical considerations, such as who controls trade routes and what forms of competition and cooperation have emerged with expanded trade relations. Processes related to economic integration and the fragmentation of production systems due to outsourcing and offshoring are interdependent. They favored the setting of global commodity chains, from extracting raw materials, manufacturing, to final consumption. This requires an understanding of logistics and the growing level of integration between production, distribution, and consumption.


7.1 – Transborder and Crossborder Transportation

7.2 – Globalization and International Trade

7.3 – Freight Transportation and Value Chains

7.4 – Logistics and Freight Distribution