Transportation Activities Affecting the Environment

Transportation Activities Affecting the Environment

Transportation activities involve separate modes supporting the mobility of passengers and freight (within or between modes). Each has an environmental impact:

  • Infrastructure. Construction and maintenance of transport infrastructure require resources (materials), energy, and land.
  • Vehicle manufacture. Involves the resources and energy consumed in the manufacturing process. This also includes the delivery of vehicles to markets.
  • Vehicle operation. The outcome of transport vehicle use, which varies by mode, usually involves fossil fuel consumption.
  • Vehicle maintenance. The consumption and disposal of parts during maintenance, including lubricants.
  • Vehicle disposal. Once the useful life of a vehicle is over, it must be disposed of and recycled.

Not mentioned are telecommunication infrastructures that are consuming materials and energy as well.