Passengers Mobility Transition

Passengers Mobility Transition

Economic development, which usually involves a transition from a rural, to an industrial and a post-industrial society, is also linked with transitions in passenger mobility. A core aspect of this transition concerns moving from non-motorized (mainly walking) to motorized forms of transportation. The above figure represents a generic model of this transition regarding the respective share of collective versus individual mobility and non-motorized versus motorized mobility. The initial stage involves the development of collective forms of transportation (tramways, subways, buses), while individual forms of transportation (mainly the automobile) become prevalent at a later stage of economic development. This is particularly linked with the growth of individual incomes, where at some point, individual motorized mobility becomes affordable to a large share of the population. While in developed economies (e.g. North America and Western Europe), this transition took place over several decades, if not a century, many developing economies are experiencing a fast mobility transition, which is placing pressure on their transport systems. It remains to be seen how the balance between individual and collective as well as motorized and non-motorized will pan itself out in the future. It is expected that collective and non-motorized forms of mobility will play a greater role in an increasingly urbanized world where sustainability issues are more prevalent.