Like the socioeconomic benefits of transportation, the benefits of better freight transport systems over value chains are direct, indirect, and induced.
- Direct. Benefits to the operators of transportation systems that are experiencing cost reductions, reduced transit times, and increased reliability.
- Indirect. Benefits to the supply chains serviced by the operators, with lower logistics costs and better management of the inventory.
- Induced. Benefits to the providers and consumers of goods, namely through lower costs and improved opportunities.