The “Boxed In” Hinterland

The “Boxed In” Hinterland

The “boxed-in” effect concerns a port that could in theory have access to a larger hinterland simply from a distance-based perspective (accessibility), but this hinterland access is constrained by the dual impacts of limited corridor development and the additional friction imposed by borders. This creates accessibility and market distortions, particularly at border crossings, further challenging port development. Geopolitical considerations have incited the setting of national hinterlands that are not necessarily natural hinterlands, implying that several ports are “boxed in”.