Major North American Rail Mergers, 1980-2005

Year Merger (Resulting Firm)
1980 Burlington Northern and St. Louis – San Francisco (Burlington Northern)
1980 Seaboard Coast Line, Chesapeake and Ohio, and Baltimore and Ohio (CSX)
1982 Louisville and Nashville and CSX (CSX)
1982 Union Pacific, Western Pacific, Missouri Pacific (Union Pacific)
1982 Southern Railway and Norfolk and Western (Norfolk Southern)
1985 Southern Pacific and St. Louis South-Western (Southern Pacific)
1985 Union Pacific and Missouri-Kansas and Texas (Union Pacific)
1991 Southern Pacific and Denver & Rio Grande (Southern Pacific)
1995 Burlington Northern and Santa Fe (Burlington Northern Santa Fe)
1995 Union Pacific and Chicago and North-Western (Union Pacific)
1996 Southern Pacific and Union Pacific (Union Pacific)
1998 Norfolk Southern, 58% of CONRAIL (Norfolk Southern)
1998 CSX and 42% of CONRAIL (CSX Transportation)
2001 Canadian National and Wisconsin Central (Canadian National)
2005 Kansas City Southern, Transportacion Ferrovia Mexicana (Kansas City Southern de Mexico)

Source: adapted from C.H. Whitehurst and R.L. Clarke (2004) The Coming North American Rail Mergers. The Strom Thurmond Institute, Clemson University.