Chapter 8.4 (Urban transport challenges) updated

Updated the section dealing with the complex challenges of urban transportation. Congestion is an enduring issue, but mitigation is difficult to implement. 8.4 – Urban Transport Challenges | The Geography of Transport Systems (transportgeography.org)

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Chapter 8.2 (Urban Land Use and Transportation) updated

Updated the chapter about urban land use, including the graphics and some conceptual issues. 8.2 – Urban Land Use and Transportation | The Geography of Transport Systems (transportgeography.org)

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Chapter 8.1 (Transportation and urban form) updated

Updated the first chapter of the urban transportation section with current data and improved graphics. 8.1 – Transportation and the Urban Form | The Geography of Transport Systems (transportgeography.org)

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Chapter 7.4 (Logistics and freight distribution) updated

A major update of the material to include its driving forces, the latest trends in digitalization (including e-commerce and city logistics), resilience, and the ongoing effects of the Covid-19 pandemic. 7.4 – Logistics and Freight Distribution | The Geography of Transport Systems (transportgeography.org)

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Chapter 7.3 (Freight transportation and value chains) updated

Covers the role of corporations in global value chains and the freight transport systems supporting them. 7.3 – Freight Transportation and Value Chains | The Geography of Transport Systems (transportgeography.org)

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Chapter 7.2 (Globalization and international trade) updated

Present international trade theory including trade facilitation measures. In the current context, trade and globalization may be reaching a peak. 7.2 – Globalization and International Trade | The Geography of Transport Systems (transportgeography.org)

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Chapter 6.4 (Rail terminals) updated

Review the geography and locational dynamics of rail terminals, including the important differences between passenger and freight terminals representing independent systems of circulation. 6.4 – Rail Terminals | The Geography of Transport Systems (transportgeography.org)

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Chapter 6.3 (Port Terminals) updated

An overview of the geography of ports, including their sites, functions, and traffic. Also deals with port authorities, terminal operators, and port regionalization. 6.3 – Port Terminals | The Geography of Transport Systems (transportgeography.org)

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Chapter 6.2 (Terminals and hinterlands) updated

An overview of the concepts of hinterland and foreland and the role of transport terminals in their organization. 6.2 – Transport Terminals and Hinterlands | The Geography of Transport Systems (transportgeography.org)

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Chapter 6.1 (Function of transport terminals) updated

A review of the nature of transport terminals, which tend to specialize in handling passengers or freight. 6.1 – The Function of Transport Terminals | The Geography of Transport Systems (transportgeography.org)

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