Major Rail Stations and Rail Lines in the Paris Metropolitan Area

Paris represents a salient example of the constraints of the urban spatial structure where the first rail stations could not be built in the central area, but along an almost equidistant concentric circle. Major Rail Stations and Rail Lines in the Paris Metropolitan Area | The Geography of Transport Systems

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Intermodal rail yards in the Chicago area (new page)

The Chicago metropolitan area is the largest intermodal rail cluster in the United States with 6.4 million lifts in 2018. Intermodal Rail Yards in the Chicago Metropolitan Area | The Geography of Transport Systems (transportgeography.org)

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World’s 20 largest corporations (2021 update)

Updated the ranking of the world’s largest corporations by revenue. Scalability is the core driver which is achieved differently depending on the activity sector. For retail and e-commerce, this involves the setting of a large distribution network. For energy and mining, it is mostly through economies of scale in extraction

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The Rationale for Trade (update)

Updated the page discussing to what extent international trade is a necessity or a convenience. It is both, depending on the type of goods. The page can be accessed here: The Rationale for Trade | The Geography of Transport Systems (transportgeography.org)

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Participation level in global value chains (new)

Added a new page discussing a categorization of how countries participate in global value chains. This classification is coming from the 2020 World Development Report. The core issue is the difference between backward participation having outputs created by previous stages in the value chain and forward participation producing goods used

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Cross-docking distribution center (update)

Since it is the holiday season, it is worth noting that the capability of large retail stores to be supplied relies on cross-docking distribution centers. Orders coming from several suppliers or distribution centers can be sorted so that each individual store receives customized orders. For e-commerce, the cross-docking principle (sortation

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Types of freight facilities (update)

Updated a page describing the main freight facilities, which come into five main categories. Each facility is a combination of the functions of fabrication, storage, and distribution. Types of Freight Facilities | The Geography of Transport Systems (transportgeography.org)

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Retail logistics and e-commerce (update)

Updated a page discussing the main differences between conventional retail and e-commerce. Since e-commerce is distributional consumption, logistics plays a more important role than standard retail, which is accessibility-based consumption. Retail Logistics and E-commerce | The Geography of Transport Systems (transportgeography.org)

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Types of manufacturing clusters (update)

Updated a page presenting the three major types of clusters supporting manufacturing activities. The propensity to cluster has characterized manufacturing from artisan guild towns of the Middle Ages to contemporary logistics zones. Types of Manufacturing Clusters | The Geography of Transport Systems (transportgeography.org)

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Basic location factors (update)

Updated a page discussing location factors and location theory. Three scales of locational analysis are considered: the socioeconomic environment (macro), accessibility (meso), and the site (micro). Basic Location Factors | The Geography of Transport Systems (transportgeography.org)

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