There are several tools behind the setting of national logistics policies. Developing human resources in logistics by expanding labor and logistical services skills is of high importance to support national capabilities. The most common strategies involve:
- Labor training and certification. A common concern in the logistics industry is a lack of labor, both in numbers and qualifications. The goal is to promote logistics as a career path and expand capabilities of the labor through various technical training schemes responding to the needs of the industry. This labor pool should address the expected demand and qualifications that are recognized by the industry, particularly at the international level. The improvement in labor productivity and skills is expected to provide incentives in attracting logistics firms. As always, in the labor market, the risk is not being able to provide the required labor, particularly in terms of capabilities.
- Research centers. The creation of research capabilities to address supply chain challenges is an important foundation for national logistics policies, particularly over the long term. It helps identify trends, gaps, and opportunities in the sector and better inform the stakeholders. The availability of a pool of researchers, consultants, and managers would be able to provide logistical innovations suitable for the national market. This requires a level of collaboration with logistics firms so that the research can both help improve the level of scientific knowledge, but as well be of practical use to the industry. The risk usually involves politically biased research that focuses on issues of a limited number of stakeholders.
- Logistics firms incubator. Focuses on the development of small and medium-sized logistics firms taking advantage of opportunities that the market is slow to provide. This usually takes place by developing entrepreneurial capabilities, particularly for new firms, including access to technologies and investment capital. It is expected that the provision of specialized logistics services, such as 3PLs and 4PLs, will be expanded, which improves the competitiveness of the national logistics market. The risk would be a bias towards developing sectors favored by policy as opposed to those with actual market potential.